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Cultural heritage > Protected cultural assets
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Protected cultural assetsSightsThe history of park architecture


Protected cultural assets

Besides Park Maksimir as a whole, many other single objects in Park Maksimir are protected as cultural assets:



BISHOP HAULIK’S NEW VILLA (Z-0480/Nar. nov., 18/03)

It is presumed it was constructed in 1855, but there are no reliable sources on that. The façade with shallow risalit that ends with a low triangular gable, the formation of roof chaplet, shallow carved large windows, bow windows, motives of the three windows on risalit, it all makes a composition of early phase of romantic historicism. Blueprint of the Villa has not been found yet, but it is presumed its author could be Franjo Klein judging only by female allegorical figures, which he richly placed on all of his façades. Today Parish office of St. Jeronim’s parish is located in the Villa.


/ Bishop Haulik’s new Villa, source: archive PIM /


GATEKEEPER’S CABIN (Z-0475/Nar. nov., 18/03)

Single-story house of orthogonal layout under four-sided roof that used to be covered with green shiest was built in 1847. Plans of façade and layout with the signature of bishop’s commissioner and head of construction works Leopold Philipp have been preserved, which somewhat differ of constructed. In the past, it was used as accommodation for two uniformed disabled park keepers and guides for foreigners, from where the name comes from. The flat had two rooms and a kitchen with open fire.


/ Gatekeeper's cabin, source: archive PIM /


ECHO PAVILION (Z-0478/Nar. nov., 18/03)

It was constructed after 1840 after Franza Schücht's design, and is the only preserved pavilion in Park Maksimir, also known as Lantern-Temple. On a twelve sided stone pedestal, wooden rocks are separated with half-colons with capitals made of stylistic leaves. Rocks are penetrated with ten semicircle windows and two entrances. Echo pavilion is a common garden facility in early Romanticism gardens with symbolic significance of dedication to mountain Nymph. The pavilion was built in the honor of goddess Echo, and it especially well echoes sounds, which makes it a special attraction, which is intertwined in its name. Public institution „Maksimir“ renovated the pavilion in 2001.

Echo Pavilion, animated 3D model (Macromedia Flash, 2.96 MB; adapted for fast internet)


/ Echo pavilion, source: V. Grgesina /


GAZEBO (Z-0472/Nar. nov., 18/03)

Also known under the name Kiosk, was constructed in the period from 1841 to 1843, by Franza Schücht's design. It is the most notable object, the center from which paths branch, around which the main park's parties are grouped. It is a stereo metric two-floor corpus, 17 meters in height, with a quadratic design in the ground floor surrounded with a porch and a tower placed at the edge of the northeast façade. All the façades are the same. On the corners of the porch are strong quadratic pillions divided with shallow pilasters and two central pillions on both sides of the steps. The corner ones are stone made and the central are wooden. On the openings vary semi circled endings and lunettes separated from the opening with a coronal. Terraces are fenced with grated fence made of cast iron. The tower ends on the third floor with a triangular gable. Pillions, pilasters, circled endings of openings, triangular gable, are characteristic Paladi motives, and Viennese architecture varies them in instrumentation of façade of cubic established corpus of the building. Public institution »Maksimir« renovated the Gazebo in 2002.


/ Gazebo, source: archive PIM /


SWISS HOUSE (Z-0476/Nar. nov., 18/03)

Single-story house, known as Tyrolean house, as well, was constructed by Franza Schücht's design, during 1841, and was completed in fall 1842. Ground floor was made of hewed stone, first floor made of roughly hewed oak beams, encircled with wooden balcony supported with four wooden beams. A balcony is located under the canopy as well. Two-parted truss is covered with shiest. It belongs to stylized rustic architecture, and that is where it got its name from. Haulik's salon gives a special value to the house, made of wooden plating and richly carved baroque ceiling, which Michael Sebastian Riedl from Augustinian monastery in Klosterneuburg acquired as a gift from Provost Jakob Ruttenstock. Windows and balcony doors are decorated with 12 stained-glass windows with scenes from Swiss and Tyrol landscapes made by Antun Kothgaser according to Antun Gurk's sketches. Public institution “Maksimir” has renovated the house in 2005.

 


/ Swiss house, source: archive PIM /


OBELISK (Z-0477/Nar. nov., 18/03)

Pyramidal shaped monument OBELISK, work of sculptor Josepha Käschmann, Archbishop Juraj Haulik placed in 1843 in the Valley of dahlias in the honor of the end of works in Park Maksimir. It was built in a way that a square pedestal was placed on the bottom steps, and on it a pyramidal shaped obelisk was placed. On the back, left and right side of square pedestal three bronze laurel corollas were embedded. On the pyramidal part of the monument, on each side embedded are another four smaller bronze laurel corollas. On the front side of the square part stands a metal panel with text written in Latin. In it Haulik stated his motive for designing Park Maksimir. A stone panel is placed below the metal panel and on it a translation of the Latin text by landscape architect Smiljan Klaiæ (1912 - 1989) is carved in, which says:

»AS A HELP FOR THE NEEDY, WHICH DID NOT GIVE WAY TO SLOTH, TO PEACEFUL CITIZENS AS ENCOURAGEMENT FOR MORE USEFUL AND PLEASANT FARMING, AS AN ADORNMENT OF METROPOLIS, AS WELL AS THE PRIDE OF HOMELAND AND SOLES TIRED OF PUBLIC WORKS AND LIFE'S REALITY, TO FRESHEN UP WITH INNOCENT DELIGHTS OF NATURE, THESE GROVES, WHOSE EMBELLISHMENT I WANTED FOR A LONG TIME, AND RECENTLY SOMEWHAT TRIED ALONG WITH SURROUNDING FIELDS AND ACCORDING TO CAPABILITY EMBELLISH, AND PLACED THIS AS A MODEST PROOF JURAJ HAULIK, ZAGREB'S BISHOP, KINGS DEPUTY OF BAN'S HONOR IN THE YEAR OF SALVATION 1843.«

Public institution »Maksimir« renovated the monument in 2001.

 


/ Obelisk, source: archive PIM /


ST. JURAJ’S CHAPEL (Z-0473/Nar. nov., 18/03)

It was constructed during the period from 1862 to 1864 in New-gothic stile in the place where Public temple used to be »on an elevated location near the villa (that is Haulik's villa)«. Although original architectonic blueprints were not found, it is noticeable from the preserved notes that Bishop Haulik asked Tyrolean workshop »Glasmalerei-Anstalt« to do the project and design of the chapel. It was a new workshop created in Innsbruck in 1861 by Albert Neuhauser (1832 - 1861), painter on glass, self-taught architect Josef Vonstadl (1928 - 1893) and painter Georg Mander. In it, Archbishop Juraj Haulik wanted to be buried. The basis was shaped as a cross with short wings of the transept and polygonal shrine. Walls were made of brick, and construction parts of stone. Façade with portal, on which a high window with pointed arch continues, ends with distaff. The other two large windows are on the wings of transept. Roof was covered with shiest. Inside walls were painted with »stone grease so that it seems it is made of ashlars«. On the ceiling, between the ribs, golden stars are painted on a blue background. The floor is paved with black and white tiles. Fence around the chapel is made of cast iron bars. Construction and design is a collective work of domestic and international masters. Sculptor Michael Stolzer made a high relief in wood with the figure of St. Juraj for the altar above a black marble table. Stain-glass windows are dedicated to figures from the Old and New Testament (Moses and Aron, Peter and Paul), and above the portal to Our Lady with Christ and John the Babtist. Stain-glass windows are covered with grids. Hanging lamp made of gilded brass is a work from Neuhauser workshop, as well. The ceiling was painted by Viennese painter Josef Proksch. Masonry works were done by Andrea Tessitori from Fulani. Benches were made in Lepoglava penitentiary, and Haulik's klecalo was purchased in Vienna. Contractors were city geodesist from Zagreb 's city service »Construction-firefighting committee« Janko Nikola Grahor (1827-1906), and construction-stone carving master Franjo Klein (1828-1889). The chapel was sanctified in October 1869.


/ St. Juraj’s chapel, source: archive PIM /


BISHOP HAULIK’S VILLA (Z-0474/Nar. nov., 18/03)

Classicistic building constructed according to Franz Schücht's design in the period from 1839 to 1840. It is a high, single-story, right triangular building with central risalit that ends with a triangular, richly profiled garble, centrally monogrammed G. H. In front is a terrace, and in the back a double staircase in between which is the entrance to the basement. Openings continue in a semi circle above a prominent corona that goes around the whole house. Apartment consists of a salon, study, bedroom, small foyer and several small servants' chambers. Salon opens to the terrace, its layout is square, and walls are divided with pilasters and recesses. In the bedroom we can see a bath tub placed in the floor and covered with parquet, which is a rarity for that time. The house with rose garden was separated from the park with a green painted fence. In the description from 1869 it was stated that the roof was covered with yew shingle, and that beside it there is a small greenhouse with one glass wall and walled in heating pipes. Supervisor of construction works was Andrija Leitner.


/ Bishop Haulik’s villa, source: archive PIM /


HAULIK’S VILLA’S OUTHOUSES (Z-0479/Nar. nov., 18/03)

A complex of outhouses that were supposedly constructed at the same time as Haulik’s villa, during the period from 1839 to 1840. Today it is used as a facility of the Institute for dairy and livestock at Faculty of agronomy, University of Zagreb.


/ Haulik’s villa’s outhouses, source: archive PIM /


SILK FACTORY (Z-0482/Nar. nov., 18/03)

Large outhouse with an unknown construction date, but it is known that it already existed in 1853. It has a linear design, roof with two canopies covered with tile, ground floor and a high first floor on which south and north façade are two horizontal lines of low, narrow windows, so that the building appears as if it had two floors. Only attic windows were installed on the garble, and later on six windows were installed but they are inappropriate in shape and size along the whole garble. In the central axis of the south façade is entrance door, and in front of it is an elevated wooden porch covered with a single-canopy roof. The inside rooms were used for cocoons of the silkworm. Today it is used as storage house of Faculty of agronomy, University of Zagreb.


/ Silk factory, source: archive PIM /


BEEHIVE (Z-0481/Nar. nov., 18/03)

Single-story building constructed in 1853 with one-story central part intended as an apartment for the beekeeper. Two long ground floor wooden wings are added to the object, where beehives are located. Originally, about 200 beehives were placed in it. Today it is used for educational purposes for beekeeping class at Faculty of agronomy, University of Zagreb.


/ Beehive, source: archive PIM /

 

 

 




 
 
     
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Public Institution »Maksimir«, Maksimirski perivoj bb
HR-10000 Zagreb, phone: ++385 (0)1 2320 460, fax: ++385 (0)1 2320 461
e-mail: park-maksimir@park-maksimir.hr